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How to File

There are three ways to file:

  1. Online - purchase software to prepare your taxes or, if eligible, use Free File

  2. Paper Returns - File a paper return by mail or in person

  3. Tax Professional - use a tax professional or volunteer assistance to prepare and file your return

Vermont income taxes are imposed on individuals and entities (taxpayers) that vary with the taxpayer's profitable income (taxable income). Separate taxes, such as income and property taxes, are assessed against each taxpayer meeting certain minimum criteria. Depending on your residency status and situation, you may need additional forms and schedules.

Choosing Commercial Software

The Vermont Department of Taxes does not offer a direct e-file option for individual taxpayers at this time. However, you may e-file through one of several software vendors that provide federal and Vermont forms. Fees will vary. Some vendors may offer free e-filing depending on your income.

Why E-File?

Electronic filing allows us to process your refund quickly and more accurately. This is because the software does the math for you and may catch errors, such as omitting a Social Security Number or a signature, which can slow processing time.

E-filing is also a secure way to file. There is no evidence that e-filing contributes to identity theft and tax refund crime. Instead, it appears more likely that the recent incidences of tax refund fraud are connected to well-publicized data breaches unrelated to the e-filing of taxes.

Choosing A Professional Tax Preparer

Many taxpayers choose to work with professional tax preparers. Neither the IRS nor the Vermont Department of Taxes endorses tax preparers, so you should conduct your due diligence to find a reputable professional who will meet your tax preparation needs. The IRS provides the following online searchable databases that can help you find a tax preparer in Vermont:

Paying Tax Owed On Your Income Tax Return

You may pay your income tax, estimated income tax, and any Vermont tax bill online using one of the following:

  • ACH Debit (free)

  • Credit card (3% nonrefundable fee)

  • Personal check, cashier’s check, or money order

About ACH Debit

To pay with ACH Debit, you will need to enter the account number with your financial institution and the institution’s routing number into the secure online form. Double-check these numbers and match them precisely, as errors will result in processing delays, and additional interest and penalties may accrue. ACH debit payments are processed within one business day of submission.

What is “Timely” Payment?

Payment by check or money order
If you mail your check or money order, the payment is considered timely if the Department receives your payment within three (3) business days after the tax return's due date.

Payment by electronic funds transfer (EFT)
If payment is allowed or required by EFT, then the payment must be received by the Department up to six (6) days after the due date of the tax return.

If you do not prefer to e-file, you can file your return using a paper form and related schedules. Most forms are available as fillable PDFs, allowing you to type in the information. Typed characters make processing go more smoothly because the Department’s scanners can read the forms more accurately.

When you are ready to print the form, follow the instructions carefully to ensure our scanners can read and process your form. Printing the form in a different format slows processing.

Filing Paper Returns

Submit Your Return in Person

You may submit all forms, schedules, and payments by personal check, cashier’s check, or money order in person to:

Vermont Department of Taxes
133 State Street, 1st Floor
Montpelier, VT 05633-1401

Our office hours are 7:45 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday.

Submit Your Return or Payment by Mail

If mailing your return requesting a refund, no balance due, or no payment, mail to:

Vermont Department of Taxes
P.O. Box 1881
Montpelier, VT 05601-1881

If mailing your return with a payment, send it to:

Vermont Department of Taxes
P.O. Box 1779
Montpelier, VT 05601-1779

Returns filed using a mail service, including the U.S. Postal Service or a commercial mail delivery service, are considered on time if we receive your return within three (3) business days after the due date.

If you cannot file electronically or download and print forms from our website, you may request paper forms be mailed to you. Learn more about placing an online order for tax forms and instructions.

Order Paper Forms