Interest Rates

Title 32 V.S.A. § 3108 (Establishment of interest rates) as most recently amended by Act 51 (2019) requires the Commissioner to set rates no later than December 15th for the calculation of interest on underpayment and overpayment of tax liabilities for the upcoming calendar year. The annual rate for overpayments is rounded up to the nearest quarter percent. The annual rate for underpayments is set at 200 basis points above the rate for overpayments.

The average prime loan rate charged by banks (as determined by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System) for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2018 and ending September 30, 2019 was 5.40%. Rounding up to the nearest quarter of a percent, the annual rate for overpayment of tax is 5.5%. Adding 200 basis points, the 2020 annual interest rate for underpayment of tax is 7.5%.

These rates are effective beginning January 1, 2020 and apply to interest that accrues in calendar year 2020.

Current Interest Rate Chart

Year Overpayment Annual Rate Underpayment Annual Rate
2020 5.5% 7.5%

Interest Rate Chart (1981-2019)

Year Annual Rate Overpayment Annual Rate Underpayment Annual Rate
2019   4.75% 6.75%
2018   4.0% 6.0%
2017   3.6% 5.6%
2016   3.6% 5.6%
2015   3.6% 5.6%
2014   3.6% 5.6%
2013   3.6% 5.6%
2012 4.8%    
2011 4.8%    
2010 4.8%    
2009 6.0%    
2008 9.6%    
2007 8.4%    
2006 6.0%    
2005 6.0%    
2004 6.0%    
2003 6.0%    
2002 8.4%    
2001 9.6%    
2000 8.4%    
1999 9.6%    
1998 9.6%    
1997 9.6%    
1996 9.6%    
1995 7.2%    
1994 6.0%    
1993 7.2%    
1992 9.6%    
1991 12.0%    
1990 12.0%    
1989 10.8%    
1988 9.6%    
1987 9.6%    
1986 12.0%    
1985 13.2%    
1984 12.0%    
1983 15.6%    
1982 12.0%    
Prior Years* 12.0%    

*Interest rate for 1981 and prior set by statute